are 94 women who have been inducted into the Contemporary Division of the Michigan Women's Hall of Fame and 76 women who have been inducted into the Historical Division.

Contemporary Honorees - 1983-2001

Virginia R. Allan (1916-1999) of Wyandotte, is an educator, businesswoman, civic leader and stateswoman. She was Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, U.S. Delegate to all three UN World Conferences, and President of Michigan & National Federation of Business & Professional Women's Clubs, Inc.

Yolanda Alvarado-Ortega, of Lansing, a journalist at the Lansing State Journal, has pioneered the way for Hispanic youth and women to enter the newspaper industry. She has promoted diversity at community, statewide, national and international levels. She has been an advocate for 12 years for the rights of people with mental illness to quality treatment.

Harriette Simpson Arnow (1908-1986) of Ann Arbor, nationally known author of "The Dollmaker", which has been termed an American Masterpiece.

Irene M. Auberlin of Detroit, a humanitarian who founded World Medical Relief in 1953. In 1994 the organization shipped $16,000,000 worth of medical supplies and equipment to 28 countries. The organization also provided $400,000 worth of prescriptions and supplies to the elderly indigent of the Detroit area.

N. Lorraine Beebe of Portage, a former State Senator and a leader in the state campaign for reproductive freedom.

Lucile E. Belen of Lansing, served on the Lansing City Council for 39 years.  Lucile’s governmental accomplishments have advanced the status of women in the local political arena and encouraged younger women to participate in the process.

Jan BenDor of Ypsilanti, is considered by many to be the Founding Mother of the Rape Crisis Center Movement in Michigan. She helped found the Women's Crisis Center in Ann Arbor, one of the first in the United States.

Connie Binsfeld, Lieutenant Governor has distinguished herself as a leading advocate on behalf of children, family life and women as well as the natural environment.  She introduced the state's first domestic violence legislation in 1978.  She was the key figure in rewriting the state's Juvenile Code, requested the creation of a Special Commission on Adoption and introduced the nation's first bill successfully banning commercial surrogacy.

Catherine Carter Blackwell, of Detroit, is an Instructional Specialist in the Detroit Public Schools and a pioneer in the field of African/American Studies and an internationally recognized authority on Africa.

Mamie G. Neale Bledsoe (1900-1991) of Detroit, a political activist who retired in 1970 as Director of Equal Employment Opportunity Division of M.E.S.C.

Patricia J. Boyle of Detroit, relinquished lifetime tenure on the federal bench to accept appointment to the state Supreme Court in 1983. She was then elected in 1984. As a member of the Michigan Women's Task Force on Rape, she helped to draft Michigan's law on criminal sexual conduct, the most successful rape law reform in the nation.

Carrie Frazier Brown of Detroit, is a fearless champion for compassionate and modern medical care, who helped found a free community clinic within Pontiac General Hospital. Brown was named 1996 Nurse of the Year by the National Black Nurses Association.

Louise L. Brown of Detroit, was a pioneer in the development of programs of early childcare education. As Director of the Council on Early Childhood in the Center for Urban Studies, WSU, she initiated programs that support positive family life and optimum child development.

Patricia Hill Burnett of Detroit, an accomplished artist and a pioneer feminist. Her work appears in galleries in the United States and in London, Paris, and Rome. As an individual committed to the advancement of women, she convened and chaired Michigan's first National Organization for Women chapter.

Ellen Burstyn of Detroit has achieved fame as a leading actress on both stage and screen.  She originally appeared with Jackie Gleason on TV during the 1956-57 season.  She was elected the first woman President of the Actor's Equity Association in 1982 and has been devoted to improving career opportunities and roles for women in film and theater.

Mary Lou Butcher of Bloomfield Hills, is an outstanding journalist, who initiated a lawsuit against the Detroit News that led to more equitable hiring in the media for women. She co-founded WINGS, Women Involved In Giving Support, to combat sex discrimination and sexual harassment in the workplace.

Ethel Calhoun (1898-1989) of Birmingham, a physician who pioneered use of the rehabilitative techniques of Sister Kenny for the treatment of polio at a time when the accepted treatment of polio was the application of splints and packs.

Jean W. Campbell of Ann Arbor was a major force in the creation of the University of Michigan Center for the Continuing Education of Women, now known as the Center for the Education of Women.

Alexa I. Canady of West Bloomfield, serves as Chief of Neurosurgery at the Children's Hospital in Detroit, is recognized for her contributions to pediatric medicine, especially in the field of neurological illness and trauma in children. She is the first, youngest, African-America woman neuro-surgeon in the U.S.

Ruth Carlton (1911-2001) of Detroit, has changed the field of adoption forever through her weekly series in The Detroit News "A Child is Waiting" which she initiated in 1968.

Helen J. Claytor of Grand Rapids, the first black woman to serve as President of the National YWCA. She also served as a member of the World Council of the YWCA and was responsible for the policies to eliminate "racism wherever it exists and by any means necessary."

Flossie Cohen, M.D. of Birmingham is revered for her contributions in the field of research and pediatric medicine and for her contributions to the research and treatment of pediatric AIDS.

Mary S. Coleman of Battle Creek, a former Chief Justice of the Michigan Supreme Court and the first women to be elected to that court, in 1972.

Marion Corwell of Flat Rock is a broadcast pioneer.   She is thought to be the first person in the country to write, produce, and star in her own syndicated television series (1954-1962).  She was the highest ranking woman at Ford Motor Company in 1974.  She created an industry model for affirmative action for women and replacement of gender specific job titles.

Hilda Patricia Curran as director of the landmark Office of Women and Work (1977-1991) was instrumental in establishing one of the nation's first Women in the Skilled Trades Programs and displaced homemaker programs.  She was a founding member of Women in State Government, a trustee of the Michigan Women's Foundation and a founder and president of the Greater Lansing Food Bank, the first of its kind in the United States.

Bertha A. Daubendiek of Avoca has pioneered in the establishment of 142 nature sanctuaries in 51 Michigan counties. She founded the Michigan Nature Association in 1970 and authored the Michigan Natural Beauty Road law.

Anne R. Davidow (1898-1991) of Detroit is a pioneer woman attorney who served with her brother as general council to the Reuther brothers. The UAW was organized around the conference table in her office. In 1948 she argued before the United States Supreme Court, the significant women's rights case of Goesaert v. Cleary, a case contesting women from working as bartenders unless their father or husband owned the bar.

Marguerite Lofft De Angeli (1889-1987) of Lapeer, was a celebrated illustrator and author of children's literature, perhaps best known for her award-winning book of Mother Goose and Nursery Rhymes.

Doris DeDeckere of Detroit has assisted institutions and individuals into standing on their own, supporting her advocacy of human rights and charity.  At age seventeen she became a union organizer and achieved many social and financial benefits for working women.  Her work and assistance to many organizations including the Eastwood Clinic and the Detroit Zoological Society has earned her much recognition and honors.

Bernadine Newsom Denning of Detroit, an educator, civil rights leader and advocate for women. She was Assistant Superintendent for School Community Relations of the Detroit Public Schools, Director of the Human Rights Office for the City of Detroit and chair of the Michigan Women's Commission. President Jimmy Carter appointed her Director of the U.S. Office of Revenue Sharing for the U.S. Department of Treasury.

Genora Johnson Dollinger (1913-1995) of Kalamazoo, known as the Champion of American Workers, organized the "Women's Emergency Brigade" to aid the auto workers in the 1937 sit-down strike in Flint. She advanced the cause of civil liberties, civil rights and women's equality.

Wilma T. Donahue (1900-1993) of Ann Arbor, was an internationally recognized authority on gerontology and past Director of the Institute of Gerontology at the University of Michigan and Wayne State University.

Margaret Drake Elliott (1904-1999) Nature education and civic leadership were her lifelong commitments.  Margaret wrote a nature column for the Muskegon Chronicle for 62 years.  For 39 years she observed and tagged monarch butterflies to collect data that has been internationally recognized.  She also developed and wrote a folder entitled, "ABC of Indian Herbs" to instruct Indian children in their native heritage.

Marcia Federbush of Ann Arbor, conducted the first study of sex discrimination in a school district, documenting the inequities and demonstrating the need for passage of Title IX of 1972. She focused her talents on the achievement of equal opportunity in education.

Betty Ford of Grand Rapids, devoted herself to public causes such as the Equal Rights Amendment and helping people having drug dependency problems. The funds she has raised through her speaking engagements and other public appearances have served to build the Betty Ford Center for Drug Rehabilitation at the Eisenhower Medical Center in California.

Aretha Franklin Among the “Queen of Soul’s” many accomplishments, Ms. Franklin was the first female inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and has been given a Lifetime Achievement Grammy Award for her career that includes 15 Grammy Awards.

Gwen Frostic (1906-2001) of Benzonia, is an author, artist, lecturer, founder and sole proprietor of "Presscraft Papers". Her commitment to nature and design is reflected in her home, studio and print shop which draws thousands of visitors each month.

Hilda R. Gage of Pontiac, has made enduring contributions to law and government, health and human services, law education and broken many gender barriers in the legal profession, such as being elected Chairperson to the National Conference of State Trial Judges. As a sufferer from multiple sclerosis she inspires others by her service as a Trustee at Children's Hospital of Michigan and by her busy contributing life.

Genevieve Gillette (1898-1986) of Lansing, was the first graduate of MSU's School of Landscape Architecture in 1920. She was the founder and first President of the Michigan Parks Association and greatly influenced the development of Michigan's state park system.

Janet K. Good of Farmington Hills, is a modern-day crusader in the feminist and civil rights movements, a driving force in the establishment of the Older Women's League (OWL) in Michigan and the Michigan Hemlock Society. In 1965 she worked against the war on poverty and then went on to become acting director of E.E.O. for the Michigan Employment Security Commission.

Francea (Francie) Kraker Goodridge of Ann Arbor, was the first Michigan woman to make the U.S. Olympics Team on which she was a member of the U.S. Track Team.  After she stopped competing herself, Goodridge started the first girls’ and women’s track programs in schools across the state, holding athletic administration positions that were also firsts for females at the time.

Della Mae McGraw Goodwin of Detroit is a distinguished health professional who founded the Associates Degree Nursing program at Wayne County Community college, pioneering expanding opportunities for minority women in nursing.   She is founder and chair of the National Center for the Advancement of Blacks in the Health Professions.

Rosa Slade Gragg (1904-1989) of Detroit, is a civic leader who accomplished numerous first achievements by a woman. She founded the Slade-Gragg Academy of Practical Arts in 1974, the first Black vocational school in Detroit. In 1941 she founded a building for the Detroit Association of Colored Women's Clubs and in 1958, she succeeded in preserving the Frederick Douglass home as a national shrine.

Martha W. Griffiths of Romeo, is a former Congresswomen from Michigan's 17th District, sponsor of the ERA Amendment, and made the argument that added "sex" to the 1964 Civil Rights Act. She is the first woman to be elected to the office of Lt. Governor in the state's history.

Dorothy Haener (1917-2001) of Trenton, an International Representative with the UAW's Women's Department. She helped found the National Organization for Women, the Michigan Democratic Women's Caucus, the National Women's Political Caucus and CLUW.

Fran Harris (1909-1998) of Westland, was Michigan's first woman broadcaster both in radio (WWJ) and on television. Holder of the Peabody Award, she went on to many groundbreakings in broadcasting as a program producer and at the corporate level.

Katherine G. Heideman, the first female superintendent of the Houghton County Schools and subsequently the first superintendent of the Copper Country Intermediate School District was instrumental in the 1974 passage of House Bill 5013 (known as the Heideman bill) which allowed intermediate school districts to own and operate schools for the handicapped. 

Erma Henderson of Detroit, was the first African-American woman to serve on the Detroit City Council. She is the first Black to become Council President. Henderson is noted for organizing the Michigan Statewide Coalition Against Redlining and for organizing the Women's Conference of Concerns.

Elizabeth Homer noted for her work to achieve educational and vocational equity for girls and women.  Former Director of the National Organization for Women's Legal Defense and Education Fund's Project on Equal Education Rights (PEER Michigan).  Former educational director for the Michigan Women's Historical Center and Hall of Fame and currently supervisor of the Turner Dodge House

Flora Hommel of Detroit has been instrumental in changing practices and our views about childbirth through the organization she founded, Childbirth Without Pain, and her advocacy of the Lamaze Method of childbirth.

Icie Macy Hoobler (1892-1984) of Detroit, was a nationally recognized chemist and nutritionist who studied the effects of nutrition on child growth and development during a distinguished 30 years as Director of the Research Laboratory of the Children's Fund of Michigan.

Marian Bayoff Ilitch, of Detroit, has been the driving force and the financial whiz behind the businesses and entertainment conglomerates owned by her and her husband.  Ilitch is co-founder and co-owner of Little Caesars’ Pizza, co-owner of the Detroit Redwings and the Fox Theater, and is, in part, responsible for the preservation and rejuvenation of downtown Detroit.

Jo Jacobs of Kalamazoo, is a leader in the ongoing struggle to achieve gender equity in Michigan schools. Jacobs along with Jean King, initiated a complaint against Houghton-Mifflin textbooks. She was appointed in 1976 as first coordinator of the Michigan Office for Sex Equity in Education, serving 18 years.

Mildred Jeffrey of Detroit, was the first director of the Women's Department of UAW, former Chairperson of the National Women's Political Caucus, a convener of the Michigan Women's Campaign Fund, and a member of the Board of Governors of Wayne State University.

Eleanor Josaitis together with Father William T. Cunningham, in 1968 founded Focus: HOPE.  Since 9171, Ms. Josaitis has provided leadership and advocacy for Focus:HOPE Food Prescription Program.  She has made significant contributions to public awareness of hunger and malnutrition and to the formulation of national policy regarding this issue.

Isabella Lugoski Karle of Detroit, is a distinguished physical chemist, is head of the X-ray Diffraction Center of the Naval Research Laboratory. In 1963 she developed the Symbolic Addition Procedure for deriving molecular structures directly from x-ray diffraction experiments on crystals. Dr. Karle has made outstanding contributions to the achievements of thousands of chemists throughout the world.

Cornelia Groefsema Kennedy, a lawyer and jurisist, was the first Michigan woman to serve on the federal bench.  In 1970 Judge Kennedy was appointed by President Nixon to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern Distirct of Michigan and in 1979 was appointed by President Carter to the Sixth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals.  She was also a founder of the National Association of Woman Judges.

Jean Ledwith King of Ann Arbor, an attorney, teacher, political activist, and advocate for women. With Lorraine Beebe, King co-chaired the Michigan abortion referendum of 1972. She helped founded the Women's Caucus of the Michigan Democratic Party. In 1974, King drafted an administrative- complaint for Jo Jacobs relating to sex discrimination in the Houghton-Mifflin textbooks. As a result of this complaint the publisher began to revise its books.

Odessa Komer of Sterling Heights has been national labor leader and Senior Vice President of UAW. She spearheaded the drive to launch women's councils and women's conferences to give UAW women training and support. She was a leader in the UAW challenge to corporate policies that removed women of child bearing age from dangerous areas, insisting that these areas be safe for all workers.

Margaret Muth Laurence (1916-1996) of Kalamazoo, was a self taught attorney who served as Assistant Commissioner for Trademarks at the U.S. Patent Office, specializing in intellectual property rights and patent law. Laurence played a crucial role in the drafting and passage of the Equal Rights Amendment through both houses of Congress.

Chuan-Pu Lee, Ph.D., a professor of biochemistry at Wayne State University, is an internationally respected scientist in the field of bioenergetics. She has made major contributions to our understanding of how cells convert food and oxygen into a usable chemical form.  Her work has led to explanations of how energy-producing mechanisms are related to disease.

Marilyn Fisher Lundy, a former member of the State Board of Education, is past president and CEO of Matrix Human Services (formerly known as the League of Catholic Women) whose mission is to end the cycle of abuse, neglect and delinquecy of adolescent females. Ms. Lundy developed Project Transition, a community-based corrections center for women in Michigan, and has, as a full-time volunteer, applied her efforts to a number of institutions affecting women including Simon House, Healthy Start and the Casa Academy.

Olga M. Madar (1915-1996) of Detroit, is a leader in the labor movement in Michigan. Appointed by Walter Reuther as Director of Recreation for the UAW, Madar went on to become the first woman elected to the executive board of the UAW in 1966. She became the UAW's first female Vice President in 1973. She was a leader in the formation of the CLUW and was elected first National President.

Maryann Mahaffey President of Detroit Common Council since 1990, and a member since 1974, has been an effective leader for peace and for the elimination of sexism, racism and classism during her long career in social work and politics.  She is an advocate for the cities, senior citizens and for the poor and disenfranchised.

Agnes Mary Mansour of Farmington Hills, has been a leader in corporate, academic, religious and political arenas. She is a tireless champion of the less fortunate in our society. She served as President of Mercy College of Detroit and Director of the Michigan Department of Social Services. She continues her work through the Poverty and Social Reform Institute.

Marjorie Swank Matthews (1916-1986) of Onaway, was the first woman in the more than 200 year history of the Methodist Church to be elected bishop in 1980. Serving the 131,000 United Methodists in Wisconsin until her retirement in 1984, she had previously served as Superintendent of the West Michigan Conference, United Methodist Church.

Helen Milliken of Traverse City, wife of Michigan's former Governor who served as Co-Chair of ERAmerica and who has been long identified with women's issues and with the arts.

Claudia House Morcom of Detroit, as first woman associate in the nation's first integrated law firm has championed the right of every citizen to enjoy freedom, equality, justice and democracy. Judge Morcom, of the Wayne County Circuit Court, played a pioneering role in the registration of African-American voters in Mississippi in 1964.

Virginia C. Blomer Nordby of Ann Arbor, was the principal drafter of the Michigan Sexual Conduct Code, now adopted by 28 states. She is Executive Assistant to the President of the University of Michigan.

Jane Kay Nugent of Grosse Pointe Farms, has distinguished herself as Vice President of Administration of Detroit Edison and as a civic leader. She has penetrated the glass ceiling of the corporate world and fostered the careers of other women by leading countless management workshops throughout the United States.

Jeanne Omelenchuk of Warren, has her lifetime records in the sports world by becoming a member of 3 U.S. Olympic speed skating teams and winning more National Championships than anyone in the history of the sport.

Rosa M. Parks of Detroit, is known as the "Mother" of the modern civil rights movement for her action in refusing to move to the rear of the bus in Montgomery, Alabama in 1955. She continues her work through the Rosa Parks Institute in Detroit.

Marjorie Peebles-Meyers of Detroit is the first African-American woman to graduate from the Medical School of Wayne State University. Her career included many firsts for women and for blacks. After her retirement from private practice, she was named Chief Physician of Ford Motor Company, a position she occupied until 1985.

Elly M. Peterson of Charlotte, was the first woman in Michigan to serve as Chairperson of a major political party and as a candidate for the United States Senate, a National Co-Chair of ERAmerica and Vice Chair of the National Republican Committee.

Sister Ardeth Platte, O.P. a Grand Rapids Dominican sister, Ardeth has committed her life to working for non-violence and social justice.   From 1967 to 1977 Sister Platte initiated and directed St. Joseph's Alternative Education Center in Saginaw.  While in Saginaw she also served for 12 years on the City Council as Mayor pro-tem.  In 1995 she joined Jonah House, a faith and resistance center in Baltimore.

Clara Raven (1909-1994) of Detroit, a true pioneer for the advancement of medical knowledge and for the achievement of women. She was among the first five women physicians commissioned to serve in the U.S. Army. She conducted out-standing research into the cause of Crib Death, or SIDS.

Dorothy Comstock Riley of Detroit, has opened many doors for women in the legal profession. Becoming the first women appointed to the Michigan Court of Appeals was just the beginning, as she later became a member and then Chief Justice of the Michigan Supreme Court.

Mary Ellen Riordan, President Emerita of the Detroit Federation of Teachers, Local 231, AFL-CIO, blazed the trial for collective bargaining rights for teachers.  This action resulted in the Legislature adopting the 1965 Public Employee Relations Act that gave teachers and all public employees the legal right to collective bargain.

Dorrie Ellen Rosenblatt is an M.D. and a Ph.D. and one of the leading geriatric physicians in Michigan and the U.S.  She is primary care physician for patients over 60 in her practice at University of Michigan Turner Clinic for Geriatrics.  Her primary research has focused on previously under-recognized issues for the elderly, including prevention and recognition of elder abuse and recognition and treatment of depression among elderly patients.

Shirley E. Schwartz Ph.D., of Warren, a research scientist at General Motors Corporation, developed numerous products to protect the environment and facilitate the conservation of the earth's resources, including a water-based lubricant and air-conditioning system that uses environmentally safe chemicals.

Martha Romayne Seger of Bloomfield Hills, is an economist, the first woman to be appointed to the Federal Reserve Board in 1984 for a full term. She served in the Milliken administration as Commissioner of Financial Institutions.

Mary P. Sinclair of Midland, her work over the past twenty-five years has established her as one of the nation's foremost lay authorities on nuclear energy and its impact on the natural and human environment.

Jessie Pharr Slaton (1908-1983) of Detroit, was the first woman referee in the 43 year history of Detroit's Recorder's Court Traffic and Ordinance Division. She was later appointed a Common Pleas Judge and served as Chair of the Michigan Crime Victims Compensation Board.

Martha Jean "The Queen" Steinberg (deceased 1999) was a radio personality and activist.  Her involvement in local and national services groups has been recognized by the NAACP, has prompted her induction into the Black Women's Hall of Fame and earned eleven "Keys to the City" from cities across the nation.

Kathleen N. Straus, a native of New York, became active in Michigan politics through the PTA and League of Women Voters.  In 1976 a federal district judge appointed Straus to the Detroit School District Monitoring Commission to assure safe implementation of school desegregation. She served as lobbyist for the Michigan Association of School Boards and co-founded the Michigan Tax Information Council.   She served on the State Board of Education and was elected president of the Board in 1997.

Sharon E. Sutton is professor of architecture and planning a the University of Michigan, the first African-American woman to be promoted to full professor of architecture in the United States.  A scholar, journalist and activist, Dr. Sutton has demonstrated leadership in architecture and urban planning, the arts and as founder of the Urban Network, environmental education for youth.

Merze Tate of Blanchard, is a descendant of Negro pioneer settlers in Isabella County in Michigan in the 1800's. Dr. Tate became an internationally known scholar by publishing five volumes on international affairs.

Helen Thomas of Detroit, is known as the Dean of the White House Press Corp. She is White House Bureau Chief for United Press International and, as senior wire service correspondent, officially closes all presidential press conferences.

Lily Tomlin (Mary Jean) is a woman of major accomplishments on stage, screen and television.  She has also achieved acclaim for hr script writing and for her strong stand and support on civil rights issues, especially the rights of women.  Gilda Radner said of her, "...Lily Tomlin is a role model and a 'change agent'.  Because of her work, the consciousness of Americans has been raised to the concern and problems of women in all walks of life."

Delia Villegas Vorhauer (1940-1992) of Lansing, was the first Hispanic to chair the Michigan Commission for the Blind. She was the founder of "Mujeres Unidas de Michigan" and author of the Department of Education's first report on "Minorities in Higher Education."

Reverend Charleszetta (Mother) Waddles (1912-2001) of Detroit, started and has run for over 35 years, the Perpetual Mission, a comprehensive social service organization that serves the low-income communities of Detroit.

Jacquelin E. Washington of Detroit, has devoted her life and career to service to women and humanity. She served as a NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund Board member for 12 years and was co-founding mother and President of the Sojourner Foundation. She has been a pioneer in affirmative action and employment discrimination, a co-founder in Detroit of New Options, and later Human Resources Manager for the Bendix Corporation.

Joan Luedders Wolfe of Grand Rapids, was instrumental in creating the landmark Michigan Environmental Protection Acts of 1970. Recognized around the world for her many contributions to environmental protection, she has played a vital role in the passage of Michigan's Inland Lakes and Streams Act.

Mildred Irene Clark Woodman (1915-1994) of Ann Arbor was a Colonel in the Army Nurse Corps and the only nurse on General Douglas MacArthur's staff, won changes in regulations and codes that discriminate against women.

                       HISTORICAL HONOREES - 1983 - 2001

Edith Vosburgh Alvord (1876-1962) of Detroit, was a community leader and suffragist, initiated Old World Market of the International Center and was elected to Highland Park School Board in 1918.

Cora Reynolds Anderson (1882-1950) was the first woman elected to the Michigan State House of Representatives, serving one term, from 1925-1926.  She is also believed to be the only Native American woman elected to the Michigan House or Senate, and remains the only woman ever elected to the State Legislature from the Upper Peninsula.

Rachel Andresen (1907-1988) of Ann Arbor, was recognized by a Nobel Peace Prize nomination in 1973, founded and developed Youth for Understanding, an exchange program for high school students in 1951.

Clara B. Arthur (1858-1929) of Detroit, was President of the Michigan Equal Suffrage Association. In 1912 she began the campaign for women's suffrage that resulted in a state amendment in 1918. Widely acclaimed as the mother of the playground movement, her work created a system of 138 playgrounds and 17 swimming pools in Detroit with a budget of more than $1,000,000 by 1929.

Isabella Baumfree (Sojourner Truth) (1797-1883) of Battle Creek, the former slave who became a nationally known crusader for human rights and a member of the National Women's Hall of Fame.

Marion I. Barnhart (1921-1985) of Detroit, was a distinguished scholar, scientist and outstanding researcher who made many scientific discoveries which led to a better understanding of treatment for such diseases as stroke, cardiovascular disease, sickle cell anemia and hemorrhagic disorder. Dr. Barnhart was a member of the faculty of the Medical School of Wayne State University for 35 years.

Mary V. Beck (1908-) of Detroit, was the first woman to be elected to the Detroit Common Council, worked to fluoridate drinking water, to preserve Old City Hall and to establish the Youth Commission to combat juvenile delinquency. She also worked ceaselessly to reveal the plight of the Ukrainian people as a captive nation under Soviet rule.

Patricia Beeman (1923-1996) as a member of the Southern African Liberation Committee, she played a pivotal role in removing Michigan's complicity with apartheid in Southern Africa.  Through her unparalleled tenacity, grass roots organizing skills, and commitment to human rights, Patricia helped shape a new sociopolitical and economic policy for Michigan, the U.S., and ultimately, the rest of the world.

Anna Sutherland Bissell (1846-1934) of Grand Rapids, was a successful business woman in an age when the manufacturing business was considered a field for men only. After her husband's death, Bissell became Chief Executive Officer and by 1899 she had created the largest organization of its kind in the world.

Cora Mae Brown (1914-1972) of Detroit, became the first black female state senator in this state's history when she was elected to the Michigan Senate in 1952. In April of 1953, Brown became the first black woman president of the Senate.

Olympia Brown (1835-1926) was the first woman minister in the United States to be ordained with full ecclesiastical authority by the Universalist church in 1863.  She became a friend of Susan B. Anthony, and a charter member of the American Equal Rights Association.

Emily Helen Butterfield (1884-1958) of Algonac, who became Michigan's first licensed woman architect in 1907, was known statewide in the 1930's as an artist and architect. In 1912 she helped found the Detroit Business Woman's Club, the first Professional Women's Club in the United States.

Marie-Theresa Guyon-Cadillac (1671-1746) of Detroit, courageously defied the rules and prejudices of the 17th Century world to become a leading settler, pioneer and businesswoman at Fort Pontchartrain during the French colonial period.

Katherine Hill Campbell (1868-1942) of Detroit, the first superintendent of the Detroit House of Corrections in 1929, she was a lifelong fighter for women's prison reform, a pioneer clubwoman, an idealist, and a non-conformer.

Elizabeth Margaret Chandler (1807-1834) of Lenawee County, the first woman writer in America to make the abolition of slavery her principal theme.

Anna ("Big Annie") Clemenc (1888-1956) of Calumet, risked her won well-being for social and economic justice during the 1913 strike by Upper Peninsula mine workers. While the strike was broken, Clemenc's words and deeds later helped bring safe and fair working conditions, vastly improving the lives of Michigan's miners and workers.

Lenna Frances Cooper (1875-1961) of Battle Creek, was an author and pioneer in the development of dietetics as a profession, an early proponent of the link between nutrition and health.

Caroline Bartlett Crane (1858-1935) of Kalamazoo, while serving as Pastor of the Unitarian Church of Kalamazoo, became nationally known as "America's Housekeeper" for her work in civic sanitation and public health.

Ethelene Crockett (1914-1978) of Detroit, was Michigan's first Black woman to specialize in obstetrics and gynecology. She was instrumental in establishing Detroit's Model Cities health programs.

Elizabeth C. Crosby (1888-1983) of Petersburg, was an inspired teacher and authority on the anatomy of the brain. Despite not having a medical background, she became pre-eminent in neuro-anatomy and was the first woman to receive the University of Michigan's Distinguished Faculty Achievement Award.

Waunetta Dominic (1921-1981) of Petoskey, endeavored to bring equality and justice to Native Americans in Michigan and throughout the United States. As co-founder of the Northern Michigan Ottawa Association, she was in the forefront of the struggle to obtain justice and compensation for lands taken from Michigan's Native Americans during the early 20th century.

Theresa Maxis Duchemin (1810-1892) fought the patriarchal, racist, and sexist Roman Catholic hierarchy of her time to become a crusader for humanity.  Born Marie Almaide Maxis Duchemin to a Hatian refugee and a British military officer, she co-founded the Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary Sisters (IHMs) with a Redemptorist priest to educate girls of the Michigan frontier.  Maxis and her IHM sisters established schools and sheltered orphans.  Under her leadership, the IHM order and its social services expanded into Michigan, Ohio, and Pennsylvania.

Marie Dye (1891-1974) was the first woman with a Ph.D. degree to be appointed to the faculty of Michigan State University.  Appointed Dean of the Division of Home Economics, she established a nutritional research component which supported groundbreaking research in the nutrition of pre-school children - among other studies.  During the Dye era (1922-1956) she advocated a change in philosophy which made Home Economics a study of the home and family.

Sarah Emma Edmonds (1841-1898) of Flint, was inducted into the United States Army, Company F, Second Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment in 1861 disguised as a male (Pvt. Franklin Thompson). She served as a Union spy, field nurse, mail carrier and soldier.

Georgia Emery (1867-1931) of Gailen, was recognized nationally as the Dean of American Business Women, Ms. Emery was a civic leader and educator of vision and courage. She steadfastly supported and promoted the education of women. She was a pioneer in organizing associations of business and professional women in all parts of the United States.

Four Sisters of Charity: Loyola Ritchie, Rebella Delone, Felecia Fenwick and Rosalie Brown are honored for their pioneering work during the early years of Detroit, dating from 1844.  In little more than two decades, they founded the first hospital in the Northwest territory, a psychiatric hospital, a home for unwed mothers and children, an orphanage and three schools.

Josephine Gomon (1892-1975) of Detroit, who, as Executive Secretary to then Mayor Frank Murphy, helped to organize the original "New Deal" concept for Detroit during the Great Depression.

Loney Clinton Gordon (1915-1999), born in Arkansas, graduated from Michigan State Collegein 1936 with a bachelor's degree is Chemistry and Home Economics.  When she was told no white male chefs would be willing to take instruction from  a Black female dietician, she went on to work with two women doctors to develop the best Whooping Cough vaccine available at that time.

Roberta A. Griffith (1870-1941) of Grand Rapids, a champion for persons with sight disabilities, and blind herself, she founded the American Association of Workers for the Blind and the Association for the Blind and Sight Conservation.

Lucia Voorhees Grimes (1877-1978) of Detroit, was a suffragist, participant in the campaign for women's rights, and chair of the Michigan Branch of the National Women's Party. She received national recognition for the State and Congressional lobbying systems she developed. Her leadership was instrumental in making Michigan the second state to ratify the Federal Suffrage Amendment.

R. Louise Grooms (1902-1984) of Detroit, founded the Detroit Institute of Commerce in 1941 as a means for Black students to receive training in fundamental business courses. The institute is still thriving and has trained more than 10,000 students. She was also instrumental in founding the Victory Loan and Investment Company, an early step in the creation of responsible financial institutions for Black people.

Alice King Hamilton (1869-1970) "The Mother of Industrial Health", was a physician and social reformer.  She combined her expertise in bacteriology and pathology with her experience with workers at Hull House in Chicago to win better working conditions, worker's compensation laws, and workplace safety laws.  She studied and later worked at University of Michigan and spent the summers of her youth at Mackinac Island.

Laura Smith Haviland (1808-1897) of Adrian, who established the first Michigan station of the Underground Railroad and organized one of the first schools in the nation to admit Black children, Raisen Institute.

Eleonore Hutzel (1885-1978) was the first woman to head the Detroit Police Department Women's Division.  Eleonore was a pioneer not only for the advancement and acceptance of women within law enforcement, criminal justice and social work, but also in addressing the needs of society's forgotten women and children.

Dauris Gwendolyn Jackson (1933-1979) received bachelor's and master's degrees in education from Wayne State University and went on to become the first African-American woman to be elected to the WSU Board of Governors - in fact, the first  ever elected to any Michigan University.  In 1977, Dauris was selected as one of ten authors nationally to initiate multi-racial textbooks focusing on non-stereotypical depictions of African-American children.

Sarah Van Hoosen Jones, Ph.D. (1892-1972) of Rochester, became the first woman in the United States to earn a Doctorate of Animal Genetic. Called a "Master Farmer," she was influential in the development of agricultural education and animal husbandry.

Dorothea Leonard Judd (1898-1989) of Grand Rapids, was the President of the Grand Rapids League of Women Voters, state chair and national leader of the League, became a nationally recognized expert on civil service reform and leader of government reform.

Ella Eaton Kellogg (1853-1920) dietitian, writer and advocate for children created a new field which would come to be called dietetics.   She also made major contributions to home economics by founding the School of Home Economics and a School of Cooking for the Battle Creek Sanitarium.

Pearl Kendrick (1890-1980) & Grace Eldering (1900-1988) of Grand Rapids, internationally recognized bacteriologists who researched whooping cough in the 1930's and developed the first successful vaccine against the dreaded child killer.

Emily Burton Ketcham (1838-1907) Anna Howard Shaw called this Grand Rapids woman the greatest [suffrage] worker that Michigan has produced.   Foremost among the founders of Grand Rapids suffrage groups, Emily was a charter member of the state organization, served as its President four times and traveled nationally for the cause.

Madeline LaFramboise (1780-1846) of Grand Haven & Mackinaw Island. Born of French and Indian ancestry, she achieved remarkable success as a fur trader, rivaling the influence of John Jacob Astor's American Fur Company in the northern and western reaches of the Michigan Territory.

Marjorie J. Tillis Lansing (1916-1998), co-authored (with statistician Sandra Baxter) Women and Politics: The Invisible Majority,which feminist Gloria Steinem hailed as a "landmark study."  Marjorie's book, which coined the term "gender gap," published in 1980 and significantly revised as Women and Politics: The Visible Majority in 1983, was based on her 1971 doctoral dissertation for the Political Science program at the Unviersity of Michgian.   Marjorie served for twenty years on the faculty of Eastern Michigan University and was active in Demotratic party politics.

Violet Temple Lewis (1899-1968) of Detroit, an educational pioneer, provided the leadership skills, direction and necessary resources which enabled Lewis Business College to progress from a nine month stenographic college, to a fully accredited two-year Junior College.

Martha Longstreet (1870-1953) of Saginaw, was a dedicated physician and civic leader who is remembered for her role in the development of social agencies for women, senior citizens and the poor.

Nancy Harkness Love (1914-1976) of Houghton, was the first woman air ferry pilot in the United States.  As founder of the Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron, her work contributed to America's successful air effort during World War II despite the blatant sexism that fostered higher standards, lower pay and fewer opportunities for the women pilots.

Elmina R. Lucke (1889-1987) of Detroit, pioneering efforts at serving the needs of the foreign-born citizens and in the field of International Social Work remain a model for similar programs today. She was founder and first director of the Detroit International Institute.

Aleda E. Lutz (1915-1944) of Freeland, is one of the most celebrated war heroes of World War II. As a First Lieutenant Army Flight Nurse, she flew 196 missions, losing her own life in an evacuation effort over Lyon, Italy.

Luise R. Leismer Mahon (1926-1975) of Petoskey, was a founding member and first elected President of the Michigan Women's Press Club. She was an award winning reporter and a Detroit Free Press correspondent. She was a champion of Indian land claims and concerns in Michigan and nationally.

Helen Martin (1889-1973) of Lansing, was an outstanding state geologist who devoted her life to the promotion and conservation of the natural resources of Michigan.

Mary Anne Mayo (1845-1903), a pioneer woman born in a log cabin in Calhoun County, believed passionately in the need for education for farm women. From her position of leadership in the Grange, she voiced her concerns about education for women. In 1933 Mary Mayo Dormitory on the Michigan State University campus was named for her.

Helen Walker McAndrew, M.D. (1826-1906) of Ypsilanti, was Washtenaw County's first woman physician in 1855. She was a participant in the Underground Railroad and a woman suffragist. Her advocacy resulted in the admission of women to the University of Michigan Medical Department in 1870.

Katharine Dexter McCormick (1875-1967),of Dexter, was Vice President of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and co-founder, with Carrie Chapman Catt, of the League of Women Voters. A generous philanthropist, McCormick worked with Margaret Sanger and provided funding for the development of the birth control pill.  She was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1998.

Bina West Miller (1867-1954) of Columbus, founded the North American Benefit Association, with headquarters in Port Huron, to provide insurance and financial security for women. She was a Republican National Committee-woman and leader in the 20's & 30's.

Elba Lila Morse (1882-1975) of Iron River (Upper Peninsula), epitomizes the "health care professional" concept. In 1921, she as appointed by the Red Cross as one of the first public health nurses in Michigan. With the help of Dr. Goldie Corneliuson, she founded the Bay Cliff Health Camp designed as a camp for under nourished children.

Laura Freele Osborn (1866-1955) of Detroit, led the reform of the Detroit School Board, which came to be a model for the nation through her efforts. She served on the Board for over 35 years including six terms as President. She was responsible for a number of innovations in public schooling such as school lunchrooms supervised by trained dietitians, special programs for the talented and the handicapped, health education and classes in the manual and domestic arts.

Sarah Goddard Power (1935-1987) of Detroit, is widely acclaimed for her contributions to higher education, her advocacy for affirmative action and human rights and as a champion of freedom for the international press.

Gilda Radner (1946-1989) of Detroit, was the first woman selected for the Saturday Night Live Show in 1979. The characters she created were archetypes of many women's frustrations, persistence and humor.

Betsy Graves Reyneau (1888-1964) of Detroit, maintained a lifelong passion for justice and civil rights, fighting racism, protesting unfair working conditions and advancing the cause of women's suffrage. Thirty-eight of her paintings portraying Americans of African descent and prominent literary figures are part of a National Portrait Gallery.

Fannie Richards (1840-1922) Detroit's first black teacher, and the first kindergarten teacher, became a proponent of education while working against policies of segregation.

Emelia Christine Schaub (1891-1995) of Lake Leelanau, first woman practicing prosecuting attorney in the State of Michigan is perhaps best known for her efforts on behalf of the Ottawa and Chippewa citizens in her jurisdiction.

Ann M. Shafer (1916-1991) of Battle Creek, was a feminist, a labor leader, and a community leader. She helped form the Coalition of Labor Union Women. She served as Commissioner for Calhoun County from 1979-1989 and she co-founded the Kalamazoo and Battle Creek NOW.

Ella Merriman Sharp (1857-1912) In the early years of the twentieth century Ella Merriman Sharp was known throughout the state for her work in forestry and civic improvement as Chairman of the Michigan Federation Forestry Committee.   Sharp led a statewide effort to garner support for establishing state forests preserves and a fire patrol system.  She willed her sizeable farm property and home to the city of Jackson specifying that the farm be developed into a public park and that the home and suitable contents be used as a museum.  Ella Sharp Park and Ella Sharp Museum exist today because of her vision.

Anna Howard Shaw (1847-1919) of Big Rapids, an ordained minister and physician, who became Susan B. Anthony's chief lieutenant in the national women's suffrage movement and led the successful political struggle which resulted in passage of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution.

Mary C. Spencer (1842-1923) of Lansing, was head of the Michigan State Library for more than 30 years, she was mainly responsible for the early growth and development of the state library as a primary public resource.

Sylvia M. Stoesser (1901-1991) of Midland, was the first woman chemist hired by Dow Chemical Company. Her research work led to the launching of the plastics industry, to the development of safer solvents for the cleaning industry and to the establishment of the oil well treating industry.

Lucinda Hinsdale Stone (1814-1900) of Kalamazoo, who, during the last half of the 19th century, was the state's foremost spokesperson for coeducation and equal educational rights for women. She was called "The Mother of Women's Clubs" for her work in organizing women's clubs.

Mary Chase Perry Stratton (1867-1961) of Detroit, was founder of the Pewabic Pottery and enthusiastic promoter of the Arts and Craft Movement in the United States. Recognized historically for the iridescent glaze of her pottery and tile installation.

Edith Mays Swanson (1934-1989) of Ypsilanti, was a distinguished leader in education, a generous mentor, a tireless advocate for human and civil rights.

Ruth Thompson (1887-1970) was the first woman U.S. Congressman from Michigan (1751-1957).  She was also the first woman appointed to the House Judiciary Committee.  Judge Ruth Thompson was also a self-taught lawyer.   As a judge she achieved great strides on behalf of children.  Thompson also helped women organize and become more effective in community issues through being a charter member of the Quadrangle Club - Business and Professional Women in 1920.

Lucinda (Lucy) Thurman (1849-1918) of Jackson, was National Superintendent of the Department of Colored Work of the Women's Christian Temperance Union, leader in the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs. Thurman was one of the best known and most respected African-American women in the U.S.

Bertha Van Hoosen (1863-1952) of Rochester, was an early Medical School graduate of The University of Michigan, she was co-founder and first national President of the American Medical Women's Association.

Sippie Wallace (1898-1986) of Detroit, the "Queen of the Blues," recorded 48 records and wrote the lyrics for many more, including "Woman Be Wise" popularized by Bonnie Raitt.

Josephine Stern Weiner (1912-2000) of Detroit, devoted nearly 70 years to community service, successfully establishing programs to help women achieve independence and to assure children of a secure future.  President of the National Council of Jewish Women (NCJW), Greater Detroit Section, from 1942-1944, and its national organization from 1967-1971, Jo was instrumental in establishing Orchards Children’s Services in 1962 and Women in Community Services (WICS) in 1965, for which she served as president from 1975-1977.

Edna Noble White (1879-1954) of Highland Park, was the founding director of the Merrill-Palmer Institute, she pioneered the first inter-disciplinary work in child development as a field of study.

Matilda Dodge Wilson (1883-1967), a philanthropist, contributed the famed Meadow Brook Hall and a $2 million building fund to found Oakland University.  She was appointed Michigan's first female Lieutenant Governor in 1940.   She was a leader in such varied organizations as The Salvation Army Auxiliary, The Republican National Committee, the Fidelity Bank and Trust of Detroit and The National Council of Women.

Clarissa M. Young (1922-1979) of Shepherd, was hired in 1946 by the Lansing Police Department as a policewoman, the first sworn position available to a woman.  Moving up the ranks as sergeant and then lieutenant. Clarissa became, in 1962, the first female police captain in Michigan and possibly the nation.  Captain Young introduced the concept of what is now known as "community policing."